e-newsletter client login
articles and presentations
financial calculators
record retention
tax news
useful site links

Join our mailing list

We publish an e-newsletter that includes the latest news and tax alerts. To subscribe, enter your email address below:


 
When Must Individuals Pay Estimated Taxes?

September 2015

Many federal income taxes are paid from amounts that are withheld from payments to the taxpayer. For instance, amounts roughly equal to an employee's estimated tax liability are generally withheld from the employee's wages and paid over to the government by the employer. In contrast, estimated taxes are taxes that are paid throughout the year on income that is not subject to withholding. Individuals must make estimated tax payments if they are self-employed or their income derives from interest, dividends, investment gains, rents, alimony, or other funds that are not subject to withholding.

Estimated income tax payments are required from taxpayers who:

1.   expect to owe at least $1,000 in tax for the year, after subtracting taxes that were paid through withholding and tax credits; and

2.   expect that the amount of taxes to be paid during the year through other means will be less than the smaller of—

  • 90% of the tax shown on the current year's tax return, or
  • 100% of the tax shown on the previous year's return (the previous year's return must cover all 12 months). This 100-percent test increases to 110 percent if the taxpayer's AGI for the previous year exceeds $150,000.

U.S. citizens who have no tax liability for the current year are not required to make estimated tax payments.

Form 1040-ES. Taxpayers use Form 1040-ES to calculate, report and pay their estimated tax. The annual liability may be paid in quarterly installments that are due based upon the taxpayer's tax year. However, no payments are required until the taxpayer has income upon which tax will be owed. Taxpayers may also credit their overpayments from one year against the next year's estimated tax liability, rather than having them refunded.

Generally, the required installment is 25 percent of the required annual payment. However, a taxpayer who receives taxable income unevenly throughout the year can elect to pay either the required installment or an annualized income installment. The use of the annualized income installment method, provided on a worksheet contained in the instructions to Form 2210, Underpayment of Estimated Tax by Individuals and Fiduciaries, may reduce or eliminate any penalty for underpaid taxes.

Due Dates. For most individual taxpayers, the quarterly due dates for estimated tax payments are:

For the Period     Due Date
January 1 through March 31                             April 15
April 1 through May 31 June 15
June 1 through August 31 September 15
September 1 through December 31 January 15 next year

 

Penalties. A penalty generally applies when a taxpayer fails to make estimated tax payments, pays less than the required installment amount, or makes late payments. However, the IRS may waive the penalty if the underpayment was due to casualty, disaster or other unusual circumstances.

For more information about estimated tax payments, contact Adam E. Panek, CPA, Partner, at Grossman St. Amour CPAs PLLC at 315.701.6328 or apanek@gsacpas.com.

 




back to articles & presentations

 
ssc
 

 


Grossman St. Amour CPAs PLLC
110 West Fayette Street, One Lincoln Center, Suite 900 • Syracuse, NY 13202
T 315.424.1120   F 315.422.0829   info@gsacpas.com
Privacy Policy
  PrimeGlobal

Home
| About Us | Our Team | Firm News | Community Involvement | Associations/Memberships | Client Testimonials | Accounting & Auditing Services | Audit & Attest Engagements | Financial Statement Preparation | Bookkeeping | Internal Control Review | Fraud Examination & Deterrence | Consulting Services | Business Formation & Valuation | Financial Benefits & Retirement Planning | Merger, Acquisition & Succession Planning | Management Consulting | Real Estate Planning | Technology Consulting | Tax Services | Income Tax Return Preparation | Payroll & Sales Tax Return Preparation | Tax Planning for Businesses | Tax Planning for Individuals | IRS and State Tax Audit Representation  | Industries Served  | Affordable Housing | Construction & Real Estate | Employee Benefit Plans | Equestrian Businesses | Fire Districts Government / Municipalities | Medical Practices & Healthcare | Not-For-Profit | Public School Districts | Manufacturing and Retail Distribution | Resources | Articles & Presentations | Financial Calculators | Record Retention Guidelines | Tax News | Useful Site Links | Career Opportunities | Benefits | Employee Testimonials | Contact Information | Directions